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Executive function

Budding GardenADHD

The mental processes people rely on to self regulate. The executive functions enable a person to control their thoughts, words, actions and emotions. They also assist them to perceive and manage time, and to direct and manage their behaviour over time.

In ADHD brains the prefrontal cortex, the part of the brain that controls executive function, develops 30% slower, this translates to being about 3-6 years behind Neurotypical brains. Even once it has fully developed it is still impaired.

Response inhibition

Working memory

Set shifting

Delay aversion

Cognitive flexibility

Is this actually about effort or an executive function issue?
— Jessica McCabe in What is Executive Function and Why Do We Need it?